Democracy is at stake in the 2024 US elections

Great uncertainty looms over the 2024 U.S. presidential election. As the list of international crises grows, partisan divisions in Congress over foreign policy priorities are intensifying, suggesting that concerns about America’s future commitments are well-founded.

U.S. Election 2024 News | Trump Hits Out At Biden And Calls Him 'Low Level  IQ Individual' | N18V

The war between Israel and Hamas is being used by pro-Trump Republicans to restrict American support for Ukraine. Republicans criticized President Joe Biden for his decision to meet with Chinese President Xi Jinping during his trip to the APEC summit in California in November. Donald Trump’s threat to withdraw the US from NATO if he is re-elected threatens to exacerbate instability in Europe.

An existential problem

American foreign policy decisions will shape the prospects for peace in Europe, Asia and the Middle East. America’s global role has been consolidated and strengthened by the strength of its democracy, and American elections therefore pose an even more serious existential problem. This is in the interest of democracy itself, whether within or outside its borders.

The starting position for the 2024 elections is already turbulent. The norms and institutions that form the building blocks of democracy are being questioned by a vocal minority.

The prospects for the return of extremist republican forces to the common discussion are bleak.

The most important of these norms is the acceptance of the peaceful transfer of power after free and fair elections. But today, two-thirds of Republicans support a version of the so-called “Big Lie” and continue to view the 2020 presidential election as illegitimate. The fact that state courts upheld the election results after numerous legal challenges was irrelevant.

The prospects of overcoming partisan differences and bringing extremist Republican forces back into the common discussion appear bleak. One way to achieve this goal, namely reaching consensus on a set of simple guidelines, is becoming increasingly difficult to achieve. Republicans and Democrats in Congress disagree on almost every major social and economic issue, including abortion rights, education, health care, climate change and the economy.

The midterm elections brought a Republican majority to the U.S. House of Representatives and empowered a small but powerful number of Republicans. The bipartisanship that led to Biden’s successful passage of an infrastructure bill two years ago is quickly becoming a relic of history.

Today, political debates are often characterized by a rejection of the legitimacy of the values ​​held by members of the opposing party. This creates a political context in which the opportunity to build cross-party coalitions and negotiate compromises, which are the cornerstone of democratic practice, is reduced. Under these circumstances, elections become even more important, providing hope not only for major changes in key policy areas that affect daily life in the United States, but also for large segments of the population that feel left behind.

Core bases are under attack

The disappearance of democracy could mean death by a thousand cuts. But in the four years of Trump’s presidency, fierce attacks on democratic norms have become an integral part of political life.

In early 2017, shortly after Trump’s inauguration, the Economist Intelligence Unit downgraded America from a “perfect” democracy to an “imperfect” democracy. In 2021, Freedom House said it had lowered its U.S. Democracy score by three points due to factors including misinformation about the pandemic and attempts to overturn the 2020 election, a result that came after weeks of contentious elections that resulted in the attack culminated on January 6th, not surprisingly the state. United States Capitol this year.

The fundamental causes of democratic erosion in the United States are undeniable. Trump, and now Trumpism, is supported by a national base made up primarily of working-class men who are suffering the effects of uncontrolled globalization and, in particular, the loss of manufacturing jobs in the United States. – United States. The cultural decay that accompanies the changing nature of American society and progressive politics has exacerbated this uncertainty.

Efforts to reduce income inequality have so far failed, and recent data from struggling states suggests the situation is worse than ever, according to the Federal Reserve’s latest survey of consumer finances. The cultural decay that accompanies the changing nature of American society and progressive politics has exacerbated this uncertainty.

The argument that Trump is a symptom rather than a cause ignores a crucial point.

But the argument that Trump is a symptom rather than a cause of discontent, division and democratic decline misses a crucial point. Economic and cultural insecurity does not automatically lead to social division, radical partisan polarization and electoral violence.

Leadership matters, and Trump has been one of the strongest leaders in modern US history. He used divisive tactics to strengthen and mobilize his base. He blamed immigrants, wealthy elites and China for the plight of the white American working class. Today his base is loud and angry, with strong, radical representation and a disproportionate majority in the US Congress.

A toxic environment for democracy

Trump has also adopted tactics that have deepened racial divisions, mobilized attacks against his enemies, radicalized a Republican core and heightened hostilities between America’s two parties. According to the Pew Research Center, in 2020, the share of Republicans and Democrats who viewed members of the other party as a threat to the country’s values ​​was nearly 80%. In 2014, this proportion was less than 40 percent. Republican polarization and extremism, coupled with a growing distrust of institutions and a shift toward identity politics, have created a toxic environment for democracy.
Democracy in the United States.

Democratic deliberations, but also compromises and coalition building have become more difficult. Efforts to reduce income inequality have so far failed, and data from conflict states suggests the situation is worse than ever, according to the Federal Reserve’s latest survey of consumer finances. In this context, the 2024 elections will take place.

Those fighting to debunk misinformation are under political pressure from Trump’s Republican supporters.

The impact of the 2024 elections is already being felt. In the coming months, Democrats and Republicans face two options. They can play by the rules and criticize Trump and his Republican supporters for promoting the Big Lie, while at the same time going to local courts to denounce election violations. Or they use emotional firefighting methods that are effective in the short term but suffer from a lack of legitimacy.

I found Laura Gamboa, political scientist, in her bookResisting Regression: Opposition Strategies Against the Erosion of Democracy The best strategy for members of the Liberal opposition is to play by the rules. Otherwise they will accelerate the collapse of democracy.

Addressing the problem of misinformation will be critical. The 2020 US election suffered even more from domestic misinformation and disinformation than from foreign interference. Today, those fighting to expose these distortions face political pressure from Trump’s Republican supporters, who describe the effort as an elite-backed “censorship industrial complex” aimed at attacking free speech.

Today, tactics that constitute an almost daily attack on democracy are entrenched in parts of American society and are a feature, not a defect, of the MAGA wing of the Republican Party. This includes the rejection of facts and evidence and ultimately the rejection of science as a basis for policy making. This is particularly evident in climate change policy, and this policy is certain to suffer a serious setback.

During the first Republican debate, one of the nomination candidates, Vivek Ramaswamy, called the “climate change agenda” a joke and said he regretted getting vaccinated against Covid. In fact, Trump’s willingness to spread misinformation regarding the pandemic is very clear.

No matter how strong Trump’s Republican movement is, leaders matter and elections matter. It’s hard to deny Trump’s unique ability and determination to rally support for his divisive policies. He has already begun releasing details of his anti-immigration plans.

Project 2025 imagines a dangerous future in which Trump’s enemies are trapped.

This includes passing a tougher version of the original “Muslim ban.” This would dedicate part of the military budget to arresting unregistered people and detaining them in large camps. The end result of these policies is to stoke anti-immigrant sentiment and create even more division.

Public services will also be affected. In the early years of the Trump administration, many people were reassured by the theory that, regardless of the leaders at the top, there were still many “adults in the room.” In a second Trump administration, loyalty to the president will likely be the deciding factor in Cabinet-level appointments.

Details of Project 2025, a plan hatched by Trump supporters in Washington think tanks, threaten a future in which Trump’s enemies are imprisoned, the Justice Department’s independence is curbed and the Insurrection Act is used as a political tool.

Reason to trust with caution

Despite well-founded concerns, there is reason to be cautiously optimistic about the future of democracy in the United States. Civil society has demonstrated its determination and ability to challenge policies that undermine liberal democratic norms, even in the highest levels of government.

During the four years of the Trump presidency, the ACLU saw its donations increase sixfold. They have been used in litigation in several states to counter restrictions on civil liberties and other violations of the Constitution.

The reversal of the Roe v. Wade and the subsequent liberal backlash against abortion restrictions contributed to democracy’s victory.

The attack on the Capitol on January 6, 2021 was the most visible and shocking attack on democracy, but Congress returned to session and certified the results of the 2020 election, delivering President Joe Biden’s victory. Hearings continued on January 6 and a final report was released. Trump faces numerous charges in connection with his attempt to overturn the presidential election.

The elections appear to have returned to normality, at least for now. Turning backRoe v. Wade The subsequent liberal backlash against abortion restrictions contributed to democracy’s victory. The US midterm elections in November 2022 were the example of the “dog that didn’t bark”. As Election Day approaches, commentators have predicted voter suppression, contested elections and the elevation of election deniers to high office.

Fears of electoral violence were also widespread. Instead, election deniers in swing states lost their elections; The Democrats managed to keep the Senate. The elections took place without much fanfare.

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